Author Archives: Andria Stokes

Scholarly Writing…books and blogs


As I peruse through the blogs that I follow, I am continually asking myself “How do these written sources inform my teaching practice and my continued learning?” I realize as I look for new information within the field of higher education that not all blog sites meet Howard Rheingold’s CRAP detection  test I teach in my Introduction to Educational Technology course. Although most blogs do include current information and continue to update and inform the topic at hand, the reliability is difficult to ascertain. Mind you, the kind of information included in the resources are well vetted yet most of the content appears to be primarily opinion. That being said, I am always wondering how much of the content is appealing due to following like minded individuals. I decided to search for a variety of blogs to identify commonalities that would help me create a selection process that would transcend my concern with the reliability and point of view of the author.

In a recent blog post in the Chronicle for Higher Education, I ran across an author I had not followed previously. Although the blog post was a year old, the contents intrigued me. I followed an embedded link to the Bloomsbury Academic site that provided insight into the authors comparison of authorship online and in book form.  Weller (2011)-the author of the blog and book The Digital Scholar: How Technology is Transforming Digital Practice- dedicates an entire chapter scholarship and the definition prior to 2000 and beyond.  In this chapter he discusses Boyer’s (1990) components of scholarship:

  1. discovery,
  2. integration,
  3. application, and
  4. teaching.

Although Boyer’s work tends to be sited and used more readily in the humanities and not in the sciences, the intention of learning, connecting, and implementation within one’s practice are all important parts of scholarship. Weller also includes seven “primitives” of scholarship identified by Unsworth (2000). These include:

  1. discovering,
  2. annotating,
  3. comparing,
  4. referring,
  5. sampling,
  6. illustrating, and
  7. representing.

Reviewing the above lists and authors, I wondered how I could use these components of scholarship to guide my selection of scholarly blogs? I believe the first step is connecting the overarching ideas in CRAP detection and the specific content elements in Boyer’s and Unsworth’s research. My first goal is to create my own iteration of scholarly components. Pulling from the two references noted above I have chosen to use the following as markers during my blog searches:

  1. an overt attempt to discover new content,
  2. annotation of prior studies that support an integration of interpretation and cross curricular use,
  3. application of content through sampling, and
  4. representation of content within teaching.

My second goal is to merge the scholarly components with Rheigold’s CRAP detection. Thus, when I am reviewing the currency of the content I will make sure that there is an overt attempt of the author to share discovery of new content. Next, I will make sure that the reliability of the information is supported by annotations of prior studies conducted within the field.
Third, I will look for the authority of the author as it relates to the application of the content through sampling within the field of study. Finally, the author’s point of view should relate the content to the application and representation within the teaching field.

I am excited to begin my trial to see if this merger helps to identify scholarly blogs. I will keep you updated on my successes and failures in addition to new information Weller (2011) shares in his book.


Boyer, E. (1991). The Scholarship of Teaching from: Scholarship Reconsidered: Priorities of the Professoriate, College Teaching, 39 (1).

Unsworth J., 2000 “Scholarly Primitives : What Methods Do Humanities Researchers Have in Common, and How Might Our Tools Reflect This?’ Symposium on ‘Humanities Computing: Formal Methods, Experimental Practice.” King’s College LondonMay 13Available at, 11 February 2011

Purposeful Scholarship

scholarship and blogging

Yesterday I was reading a blog discussing the purpose of scholarship and the dissemination of research and new learning within the academic community. As I read, I came across this quote:

“Over and above anything else that academics do, they are observers: why, what, when and how is our bread and butter. It is unsurprising then that many bloggers are academics: those people already active in the market for ideas are likely to explore different avenues for communicating with different parts of the market.” (Maslen, 2011)

I began to wonder about the academy and the convergence of teaching and research. As researchers we are constantly observing our surroundings (as stated above) and questioning the reliability, validity, and influence of the collected knowledge base in our discipline. As educators, we are continually observing our students’ learning to validate the reliability of the influence of our practice. Is one purpose not the same as the other? If so, then what platform is best for working toward our purpose?

For a long time there were two main platforms: visual and spoken. Although the medium has changed over time (scrolls, stump speeches, hard bound books and articles, soft bound collections and editions) we now have a platform that allows a multi-modal creation. Although these mediums are engaging, thought provoking to create, and complex; they are not what is exciting to me as a learner, a teacher, and an inquirer. The ability to reach massive audiences and learn from them is what causes excitement and exhilaration!

Using social media platforms not only make creation in the visual and spoken ideas easier, but allows for an interaction that does not come from a static piece of work. We now have the ability to aggregate massive amounts of content in one place that can be accessed from anywhere. Taking pieces of information and synthesizing them (mash-ups) into new ideas and products guides individual and group critical thinking. But the most educationally liberating, is the ability to reach multiple audiences (peers included) in fractions of a second. Social media platforms transcend the dissemination of important research, newly designed processes, as well as personal experiences from our prior publishing practices to people we may never meet and places we might never visit. Not for a moment would I suggest trading one venue for another. However, I would say that having the opportunity to use both venues increases my knowledge growth and sharing.

Being able to share my learning and connect with others in real time has changed my scholarship and my practice. If I am not sharing my learning I am no longer an educator.


Casper, S.T. (2011, June. Why academics should blog: A college of one’s own. [Web Log Post]. Retrieved August 10, 2013 from

Maslen, G. (2011, June). Academics and universities should embrace blogging as a vital tool of academic communication and impact. [Web Log Post]. Retrieved August 10, 2013 from